Aerobic and Anaerobic Exercise

The terminology that surrounds exercise can be confusing. Two of the most confusing, yet crucial terms are “aerobic” and “anaerobic”. To get the most from any workout you need to complete a level of both aerobic and anaerobic training. But what exactly do these two terms actually mean?

Aerobic training is generally a steady form of exercise. It means that you are exercising with sufficient oxygen to meet all your body’s needs; your circulation is boosted and O2 is being pumped to all your organs. A brisk walk or a light jog could be considered as aerobic exercise.

Anaerobic exercise is much more demanding. You will be training at a high intensity for short periods of time and it is during this type of exercise that you will find you become short of breath, perspiring and with red cheeks. Sprinting, rowing or weight training are classed as anaerobic forms of exercise.

During any workout session you should try and combine both. Aerobic exercise will help to keep your heart healthy and your fitness levels high. Anaerobic exercise will then boost your stamina and aid recovery. Again, we go back to variety being the key to your workout. Look to complete at least one anaerobic session and two aerobic sessions per week.

You can choose to workout with fitness equipment for a combination of the two; a cross trainer workout can combine both if you use the programme settings which will incorporate a warm up, a period of high intensity exercise and a cool down.

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